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科技类写作话题你应该知道的6大事项!
发布: 点击数:55 发布时间:2020-04-24 13:41:08

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 科技类写作话题速成


2019年纯科技类题目共出现四次。

 

科技类写作重要性

 

1、 是同学熟悉但又不好写的话题

2、 在2013-2019年国内+亚太考试中科技类话题占7%

3、 科技类的思路就是一个万能的素材

 

如:变化类题目(过去现在做对比)

1. In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes. Why do you think this is the case? How should children and teenagers be punished? (2019/05/23)

 

2. Some people think that in the modern society individuals are becoming more dependent on each other, while others say that individuals are becoming more independent of each other. Discuss both views and give your opinion. (2016/11/05)

 

3. The tradition of eating meals with families together is disappearing. Why? What effects on the family and society? (2018/02/10)

 

现代社会与过去社会最大的区别就是科技发展程度

 

过去现在作区别

 

1、过去

In the past, …/Traditionally, people used to+过去的缺点/优点

 

2、现在

However,due to sth, …/as…, …+现在对应的优点/缺点

 

3、三大衡量标准

时间、地域、钱

• 例1题目:高科技带来的好处多还是坏处多?

论据:科技极大地便利了人与人之间的交流

First of all, technological advances have considerably contributed to the exchanges of ideas and information among people

扩展:In the past, people used to write letters which usually took several months to arrive at some distant destinations, but now instant communication has been realized through various kinds of communication tools, such as phones, video-chatting and social networking websites, which has substantially facilitated our daily lives.

 

• 例2 Internet VS Isolation in reality

Browsing internet     socializing online    playing computer games

1. knowing little about neighbors

2. less quality family time

 

• 例3 Internet VS Independence

                           ╱  attend training courses

Independence  —   handle working tasks

                            ╲  purchasing items at home

 

Internet allows people to be self-reliant without interacting with classmates, colleagues and sellers.

 

话题词汇准备(初级版)

 

随着因特网技术出现(with the advent of the Internet technology),全球信息化(global information)及信息高速公路(the information superhighway)走入人们的视线。许多科技的创新(innovation),例如社交网站(social networking websites)、视频聊天(video chatting)等,重新塑造我们的生活(reshape our life),改变了生活方式。通讯工具具有方便快捷(convenient and efficient)的特点,便于人们处理紧急事情(deal with emergencies)、加速生活节奏(accelerate/ speed up the pace of life)的同时、拉近了人们之间的距离(shorten the distance between people)。

 

科技类话题考什么

 

1、科技改变生活(what)

Convenient & efficient

2、科技VS传统对比(comparisons)

3、科技的正面影响

4、 科技的负面影响

1. avoid commuting

-(1) time-efficient & cost-efficient

-(2) overcome geographical barriers

-(3) overcome psychological barriers

 

2.enhance the productivity

(1) accuracy

(2) efficiency

 

常见陷阱

 

More people are using mobile phones and computers to communicate. Therefore people are losing the ability to communicate with each other face to face. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (2016/11/26)

 

影响的是ability to communicate face to face

 

科技类难题

• 人工智能

Some scientists believe computers will become more intelligent than human beings. Some people think the development has a positive impact, while others think it is negative. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

 

Users should be able to easily discern the intent and abilities of machine. And when things go wrong-if say, a driverless car mows down a pedestrian-a record of the cars decisions should be accessible so that the similar errors can be coded out.

 

When machines intelligence surpasses that of human creators machines could conceivably acquire the ability to shape and control the future on their own terms. The development of Alphago suggests that machine learning has already mastered unpredictability, if only at one task, which promises a rather more hilling version of Game Over.

 

 • 太空

Some people believe that spending money on developing technology for space exploration is unjustifiable, there are more beneficial ways to spend money. To what extent do you agree or

disagree? (2018/12/01)

 

Space travel has been possible for some time. Some people think space tourism would develop in the future. Do you think space tourism is a positive or negative development? (2017/06/17)

 

1. technological innovations

-satellite technology (mobile/navigation/weather forecast)

-research

exploitation

habitable planet

2. relevant industries

3. space junk

 

更多精彩

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